Jose Panganiban,  Camarines Norte


Jose Panganiban is a second class municipality in the province of Camarines Norte, Philippines. According to the May 2010 census, it has a population of 55,557.

The town of Jose Panganiban was formerly known as Mambulao, a word taken from “mambulawan,” meaning bountiful in gold. It was renamed to honor Jose Maria Panganiban on December 1, 1934



 Local Chief Executive


Municipal Mayor - DONG PADILLA
Office - Office of the Mayor,  Jose Panganiban, Cam. Norte
Tel/Mobile No. -  
e-mail Address -  
Links -



Jose Panganiban is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

  • Bagong Bayan
  • Calero
  • Dahican
  • Dayhagan
  • Larap
  • Luklukan Norte
  • Luklukan Sur
  • Motherlode
  • Nakalaya
  • Osmeña
  • Pag-Asa
  • Parang
  • Plaridel
  • North Poblacion
  • South Poblacion
  • Salvacion
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose
  • San Martin
  • San Pedro
  • San Rafael
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Elena
  • Santa Milagrosa
  • Santa Rosa Norte
  • Santa Rosa Sur
  • Tamisan



  • 1995 - 45,396
  • 2000 - 46,064
  • 2007 - 49,028
  • 2010 - 55,557




It is known that even before the colonizers came, Mambulao was already a flourishing mining town. It was the Spaniards, drawn by the rumor of immense gold deposits in the Mambulao-Paracale district, who mastered in exploring the gold mining potentials of these towns.

From 1750s to 1800s, Paracale held the major Spanish mines, but due to its closure in 1790s, its people were living in desultory gold washing, fishing and selling betel nut to Mambulao which has now became the mining center. During that time, there were plenty of small shops but there’s no rice fields and vegetable gardening. All necessities came from Ambos Camarines and Tayabas (Quezon). Fifteen years later, the mines of Mambulao were no longer open. There was still some haphazard gold washing by women of Indio Class whose husbands, it was alleged, gambled away their meager earning in card games run by the town mayor. But by 1818, the population was back to the levels of the 1790s and by mid-1820s annual gold production levels ran as 3,200 ounces (90.7 kg.) worth Php. 44,000 at prevailing prices. By 1829, Camarines Norte was considered to be wealthy and populous enough to warrant separation as province of its own for the first time. But afterb1840s the mining and population declined. Dr. Fedor Jagor (in his book Travels in the Philippines and The former Philippines thru Foreign Eyes), a well known German traveler who visited Mambulao in 1859, reported that it was thinly populated and that the mining mania was already ruined.[5] From 1837 to 1876 the population of Mambulao and Paracale by 30%.

From 1900 until the early twenties, Mambulao was a sleepy town, isolated from the other towns of Camarines Norte. During the gold bloom, it was dubbed as “Little Manila”, due to flourishing business operated by Filipinos, Chinese, Japanese, Syrians and many others. Dutch-born Filipino citizen Jan Hendrik Marsman operated two rich mines during the American occupation, a substantial dredging operation and the Philippines only smelter located in the Mambulao- Paracale district. The population quadrupled between 1918 and 1938. One of the most notable mining company to operate in this municipality is the Philippine Iron Mines, then the largest iron mine in Asia.

Mining companies operating in Jose Panganiban include:

  • Philippine Iron Mines (defunct) 1925 to 1975, then biggest iron mine in Asia
  • San Mauricio Mining Company (defunct) 1933
  • Benguet Gold Mining Corporation (defunct)
  • Motherlode Mining Company (defunct)
  • J. G. Realty and Mining Company (defunct) 1987-1997
  • Johson Gold Mining Corporation[6]
  • Investwell Mining (mining arm of Isabelo Fonacier Mining)[7]
  • Ferro Management and Consultancy Group Inc. (FMCGI) 2008

Jose Panganiban Special Economic Zone

  • JPSEZ(1) Situated in Barangay Larap, Jose Panganiban created under Presidential Proclamation No. 508, s. 2003 [8]
  • JPSEZ(2) Situated in Barangay Osmena, Jose Panganiban. Pan Century Surfactants Inc. under the Aditya Birla Group operates in the area.[9]



The International Port of Jose Panganiban (Latitude 14° 17’N Longitude 122° 42’E) is nearly 2 miles wide at the entrance between Calambayungan Island and Pinandungan Point and with sea distance to Manila of 468.10 nautical miles.The port is situated at Barangay Osmeña which is approximately five (5) kilometers away from the town proper of Jose Panganiban. The port serves as the passage of all water borne traffic to and from the Paracale mining area, Larap., Lucena, other Quezon town and the rest of Bicol and Visayas provinces. Copra, coconut oil and copra pellets used to be its principal exports.[10][11]

The Port of Larap Bay is a natural coastal harbor situated at Barangay Larap (Latitude 14° 18' 36" N Latutude 122° 39' 0" E), currently serving the needs of a local mining company. The harbor entrance is restricted due to swell.[12][13]

The Larap (Jose Panganiban) Airport (ICAO Code: RPUP), formerly operated by the Philippine Iron Mines, covers an area of approximately 35 hectares and with existing 1,400 meter stretched runway.[14] It is located at Latitude 14°17′28″N Longitude 122°38′46″E


Medical institutions

  • Jose Panganiban Primary Hospital Services Coop.
  • Barrios- Businos Medical Clinic

Educational institutions


  • Camarines Norte State College - Jose Panganiban Campus (College of Engineering and Industrial Technology) formerly Camarines Norte School of Arts and Trades
  • Roy Padilla Sr. (JP) Memorial Technical and Vocational Training Center (TESDA-accredited)
  • Public Secondary[edit]
  • Jose Panganiban National High School
  • Larap National High School
  • Sta. Cruz National High School
  • Milagros Villarasa-Torres National High School

Public Primary

East District:

  • Jose Panganiban Elementary School
  • San Mauricio (Bagong Bayan) Elementary School
  • San Rafael Elementary School
  • Sta. Rosa Norte Elementary School
  • Parang Elementary School
  • Regino A. Yet (Luklukan Sur) Elementary School
  • Osmena (Lukban) Elementary School
  • Calero Elementary School
  • Calogcog Elementary School
  • San Rafael Elementary School
  • Segundo Aguirre (Sta. Rosa Norte) Elementary School
  • Sta. Rosa Sur Elementary School

West District:

  • Larap Elementary School
  • C.B. Enverga (Sta. Cruz) Elementary School
  • Tawig (Salvacion) Elementary School
  • D. Albonia (Tamisan) Elementary School
  • Pagasa Elementary School
  • L.D. Bamba (Dayhagan) Elementary School
  • Sta Elena Elementary School
  • San Jose Elementary School
  • San Pedro Elementary School
  • San Martin Elementary School
  • Sta Milagrosa Elementary School
  • Dahican Elementary School
  • Nakalaya Elementary School

Private Montessori

  • Wonderkids Science Montessori School (formerly Wonderkids E-Learning Center)
  • Ave Maria Children Center
  • Good Sheperd Learning School
  • St. Roch Children's Center

Places of interest

Historical landmarks

  • JOMAPA monument in front of the municipal building
  • Jose Maria Panganiban Monument- installed on February 1, 1985 by the National Historical Institute which contains the remains of the home-grown hero

Radio station

Hot FM 94.3 - Jose Panganiban (Manila Broadcasting Corporation



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